Stage 1 - Year 2

Students in Year 2 learn Punjabi muharni and their sounds with the akhar. They play games, listen to stories and engage in interactive activities to learn new vocabulary. They begin to learn how to write short words and read and write two – three word sentences.

Term 1

family of seven

1. Family and friends

Students learn vocabulary and expressions to introduce their family or friends. They create and illustrate a photo book with pages dedicated to close family members or friends. Students introduce their family members or friends to the class using teacher-modelled language.

Teaching and learning resources:

Lesson materials including video, classroom activities, stories and a poem

Muharni practice 1– students learn to use kanna, bihari and laa

Story- Gulli dee pitaree

Story- Riya’s first letter

Letter writing template

Photo book template

Term 2

we love food graphic

2. Food is good

Students learn about Punjabi eating etiquette. They gather information about popular Punjabi dishes from documentaries and cooking shows and learn vocabulary for food and/or ingredients. Students create a class cookbook with their own recipes under teacher guidance and/or create a journal entry or a vlog with captions about their experience.

Teaching and learning resources:

Lesson materials including muharni, speaking practice, new vocabulary, writing recipes, crossword, spelling test.

telling a story graphic

3. Stories from far and wide

Students participate in shared stories with the teacher with a particular focus on intonation and rhythm. They learn how different intonation patterns are used to express different feelings. Students learn to recognise different sentence forms, such as questions, statements and commands. They create a storybook using pictures and simple captions retelling the plot of a shared story. Students use puppets and props to retell the story to the class using appropriate intonation for different sentence patterns.

Teaching and learning resources:

Lesson materials including stories, integrated muharni teaching, spelling and vocabulary list and crossword.




Term 3

animals graphic

4. Animals are fun

Students learn about pets/farm animals through teacher narratives and Punjabi mythology and children’s stories. Students learn the vocabulary for pets/farm animals and explore how language is used differently to reflect different relationships. Students create a face painting, mask and/or costume of their favourite pet/farm animal. They participate in a short class play where each student is taking the role of an imaginary pet/farm animal. 

Teaching and learning materials

Lesson materials including muharni integrated in the lessons, quiz, spelling and vocabulary lists.

Muharni practice 2 students learn to use dulenkar and aunkar

Muharni worksheet

Term 4

graphic of a singer

5. Song and dance

Students learn about how local Punjabi communities express their culture through dance. They access authentic dance performance and respond to the rhythm of the dance music using hand and foot gestures. Students mimic the movement of the dance and indicate how it makes them feel with symbols or visual representations. They learn the language of instruction and follow simple instructions for a traditional Punjabi dance. If appropriate, students perform the dance at a school assembly or in class.

Teaching and learning resources:

Lesson materials including a video, muharni practice integrated into lessons and class assignments.


festivals graphic

6. We are united

Students gather information about important Punjabi festivals or celebrations and make comparisons with celebrations in Australia, including those of Aboriginal communities and Torres Strait Islander communities. Students learn vocabulary and expressions to describe events and experiences. Students create a digital class story about a festival or celebration of their choice.

Teaching and learning materials:

Lesson materials including information for students on various festivals with muharni practice integrated into lessons.

Muharni practice 3 – students learn to use tippi, bindi and addak

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